A resume is a summary of personal, educational, and professional qualifications and experience. It is an essential tool for all students and job seekers, regardless of career goals.
Employers use resumes to screen applicants. From there, they determine the applicants they will interview. Applicants should tailor their resumes to the needs of the organization. Resumes are also used to develop interview questions, to judge applicant’s communication skills, and remind employers of the qualifications of the candidate.
A good tip to remember when making resumes is to address the concerns of the employer on one’s ability to do the job. In lieu of relevant experience, activities such as academic background, summer jobs, internships, extracurricular activities, and volunteer work. These activities tell the employer of the applicant’s attitude, abilities and qualities including self-motivation, high energy level, ability to communicate effectively, ability to multi-task, and skill in dealing with stress.
After identifying which activities to include in the resume, applicant must indicate his/her accomplishments. These include the skills developed and level of involvement in the activity. Applicant should give priority to information that is most significant and relevant to the job.
Lastly, applicant must introduce accomplishment-oriented statements with action verbs. Through this, employer will see that applicant is active and results-driven, which may fit the needs of the employer.
There is no prescribed format for resumes but most resumes contain standard elements. Some fields may be de-emphasized or omitted if not important or relevant to the career. Section titles may be changed to introduce provided information accurately.
The heading should include basic information: name, permanent and local address, e-mail address, and contact numbers.
The objective portion can indicate immediate employment goal. Though not essential, it should communicate what skills the applicant wants to use or function the applicant wants to perform. Applicant may also summarize his/her qualifications for the career of interest.
When indicating education, applicant can include institutions attended locally or abroad, degrees and dates received, major and concentration, and honors thesis title. Applicant may opt to include GPA, dean’s list, honor societies, and academic awards such as merit scholarships.
Relevant courses pertain to the courses that are significant and relevant to meet needs of the employer. This is indicated especially if major is not directly related to the job.
Experience includes part-time work, full-time work, summer jobs, co-op experience,internships, volunteer experience, and extracurricular activities.
Computer literacy, foreign languages, research and analytical skills, and management skills are mentioned in the skills portion.
Activities and Interests
Activities and interests comprise of a list of memberships in student organizations, committees and other involvements. Following that, candidate may list other hobbies and interests but avoid those expressing religious and political views.
The references section is optional. Applicant can indicate “available upon request.”